Children grow in many different ways. Toys can assist their development in these different areas: Gross Motor Skills, Fine Motor Skills, Language, Sensory, Cognitive Skills. Let’s take a brief look at each of these parts of development.
|Crawling is an Extremely Important Skill|
|Fine Motor Play|
At about 2 months of age an infant will begin to voluntarily use their fingers to touch. Between 2-5 months a baby will begin to develop hand-eye coordination and they will start reaching for and grasping objects. Infants 6 months and older will be able to pick up toys with one hand. Between 7-12 months, the young child will develop the fine motor skills of improved grasp, improved vision, the ability to point with the index finger, transfer a toy or object from one hand the other, hold their own bottle, pick up a small piece of food between their thumb and index finger (Pincer Grasp) and take it to their mouth.
By the time a child is one year of age, their fine motor skills have developed to allow the manipulation of objects with greater skill. They begin to hold a crayon and make scribbling motions on a paper. As a child manipulates objects with purpose, they gain experience identifying objects based on their size, weight and shape. Children learn through exploration of toys that some objects are heavy, requiring more force to move them; that some items are small and can easily slip through the fingers; and that other objects come apart and can be reassembled again. Playing in this fashion is essential for Fine Motor Development and also in learning how the world works!
Preschoolers (children between the ages of 2 and 5) will begin to show a preference for one hand or the other; this is called hand dominance. They are capable of grasping objects using a tripod grasp, which is the combined use of the middle finger, thumb, and index finger. This enables them to grasp and use a crayon or marker with more control. They begin to use scissors to cut shapes out of paper, draw or trace over vertical lines with markers, button and unzip their clothes, and pick up objects of varying sizes and shapes. They are able to use their fine motor skills to sort and manipulate geometric shapes, make patterns, and use measurement tools to build their math skills. Finger painting, arts and crafts activities like cutting and gluing paper, and dressing up develops their creativity.
As children begin Kindergarten and early elementary school, their fine motor skills are developed and refined to a higher degree. Children should be able to make precise cuts with scissors, write more accurately on lines, and print letters and numbers with greater precision.
|Start Reading to your Children as soon as possible!|
The most intensive period for acquiring speech and language skills is during the first 3 years of life, when the brain is maturing and developing. An environment that is rich with sounds, visual stimulation, and consistent exposure to the speech and language of others provides the best opportunity for language skills to develop. By listening to books, singing and listening to songs, engaging in interactive play, using writing tools and reading books, children build their language and literacy skills.
Development of speech and language skills varies from child to child, however, there is a natural progression of language skills. If a parent or doctor notes a delay in language skills, it may be caused by hearing loss or may be due to a speech or language disorder.
Sensory Motor Skills
|Visual Stimulation is Important to Development|
|Help your Child Developing Thinking Skills|
Author: Trisha Roberts